The History of the 9th Cavalry Regiment. The 9th Cavalry was formed in New Orleans, Louisiana in August 3, 1866 by orders of Gen Phillip Sheridan, was authorized to raise one regiment of "colored" cavalry. The new recruits came from Louisville, Kentucky. They were ex-Civil War veterans. Enlistment was for 5 years, with recruits receiving 13 dollars a month, plus room, board, and clothing. They later on were named "Buffalo Soldiers", motto: "We Can, We Will"
The History of the 10th Cavalry Regiment. The 10th Cavalry was formed at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas in 1866. Very high standards of recruitment were set by the regiment's commander. By the end of July 1867 eight companies of enlisted men had been recruited. This was the beginning of the 10th Cavalry Regiment later to be named "Buffalo Soldiers", motto: "Ready and Forward".